Action research is systematic multi-staged cyclical process, which seeks to improve practice through the implementation of informed and incremental change. Action research is not done in isolation but seeks out opportunities for collaboration and the participation of other agents.
Action research is characterised by clear stages, which include:
- a consideration of action (reflection and reconnaissance);
- implementation of an action for improvement to individual practice;
- the use of data collection on the action;
- a review of the action through consideration of data;
- the identification of further opportunities for improving intervention.
Throughout each stage the researcher’s learning is articulated and reinvested into the process. In the process learning occurs for practice, about practice and through practice.
Update 26th February 2015: Please see here for a downloadable booklet on getting started with action research
In trying to articulate the dimensions of ‘being an undergraduate researcher’ I have identified three domains of activity: Individual (desk based), Community and Work-based. I have then identified some strands of activity with each of these three domains (with assistance from Ian and Jane and Stephen :-).
So what have I missed? Is this a fair assessment of what a BA LTR researcher does?
I have later added on the recommended minimum time allocation too.
The clarification of the 10 hours of desk and community work is more easily quantifiable than is the time spent in research and inquiry and reflection and collaboration in the workplace . Whether it is possible, or even useful, to quantify the work-integraterd element is questionable. It created potentially a false seperation which is not in keeping with the ethos of work-integrated learning.
The AA and Coventry University have, teamed up in a new approach to enable workers to learn and earn (this was in personnel today back in October). Since the Leitch report ‘learn and earn’ is an increasing market for HE, the challenge for HE is to fulfill this market. The partnership AA-Coventry collaboration has much in common with the BA Learning Technology Research degree – learners are in employment, learning for, at and through work, there are elements of problem based learning, evidence and competence based learning, the linking of theory and applied knowledge is a central tenet and the inclusion learners without pre-specified qualification levels.
The BA LTR is not brokered by a particular company. Learners come as instigators of learning to the university and seek to learn through their own individual work context. With the AA partnership case, the company are in effect HE brokers or critical partners.
Some comparisons (in time) between the two course experiences might be helpful to better understand the field of work-based learning. A few questions of personal interest to me would include:
When the learner instigates the work based learning rather than the employer are the motivational factors different?
When the company makes the partnership agreement with the university, is there the release of study time such that the learner is better able to manage their work-life-learning balance, than when learning is undertaken without the adoption of the direct employer in to a relationship with the HEI? (A comparison of learner experience)
How can we equip learners in work undertaking higher education courses with the study skills to thrive? (A comparison of strategies)
One of the questions often directed to myself and colleagues about the BA LTR is about the sustainability of facilitating the course – ‘how is it sustainable to engage so intensively with your learners when they have so many different needs and contexts and personalised pathways?’. The BA LTR team have continually refined practices to cope with up-scaling the number of learners, central to this is the notion of community based learning rather than one-to-one support. The article acknowledges the intensity of such personalised courses. A further area for potential research might lie in a comparison of techniques for permitting personalisation with sustainability and scalability.
An interesting project, I look forward then to the unfolding story.